Notes on ‘The Gaze’ – Daniel Chandler

Dr. Daniel Chandler is a semiotician and emeritus faculty member in the Department of Theatre, Film and Television Studies at Aberystwyth University. He occupies an odd corner of the WWW in a domain ( otherwise devoted to the life and films of Stanley Kubrick, but not hyperlinked from that site. Notes on 'The Gaze' is... Continue Reading →


Exercise 3.3

Write a reflection in your learning log about some of the ways in which marginalised or under-represented people or groups could be badly or unhelpfully portrayed. It is easy to assume that a 'marginalised or under-represented group' would be a minority but it is not necessarily so, as noted below. There may also be an... Continue Reading →

Mirrors of society and culture

In a previous posting, I stretched Szarkowski's metaphor of mirrors and windows to breaking point. A mirror held at an angle will show an image of the outside world (with a mirror-observer present but not visible) and, if used in combination, may give a kaleidoscope-enhanced view. In the same way, a photograph that is an... Continue Reading →

Mirrors of the Self

At its most literal, the use of photography as a mirror of the self would mean to shoot a self-portrait in a mirror. There are many examples available (and probably most photographers have done it). My favourite is Astrid Kircherr's 1960 image, seen at the right. The TLR camera, clothing, direct gaze, and the use... Continue Reading →

Gone Astray

Clare Strand is a conceptual artist who uses photography in her work. Some of her more recent works, such as 'The Happenstance Generator' (2015) and 'The Entropy Pendulum' (2015), explore randomness though the intermediation of mechanical devices acting on photographs. (Brown, 2017) The work that we are directed towards for present study is 'Gone Astray... Continue Reading →

Temporary studios – Penn and Avedon

Making portrait photographs in a studio gives the photographer control of background and lighting. However, a permanent studio is expensive and also requires the sitter to travel to a fixed location, which is inconvenient. I suspect that it only really works if money has changed hands: either the sitter has commissioned a studio portrait or... Continue Reading →

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